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Why Was the Stalemate, Which Emerged between the Entente and Central Powers in 1914-1915, So Difficult to Break? (Sea Operations)

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Essay on why was the stalemate which emerged between the Entente and Central powers in 1914-1915 so difficult to break? Focus your attention on sea operations.

Introduction

A stalemate situation between 1914 and 1915 occurred. This meant that even though he opposing sides armies were different in size, they had similar amounts of strength and weapons. The Entente powers involved Britain, France, Serbia and Imperial Russia while the Central powers consisted of Germany and Austria-Hungary. These were the main countries involved actively during World War 1.[1]  No alliance was willing to concede defeat thus each dug trenches, which ran from the Swiss mountains to the sea. There were various reasons why this stalemate was difficult to break.  The plans of war made by both sides failed miserably based on their faults. The Schlieffen plan directly led to war when the Germans attacked France through Belgium. The Plan XVII made faulty assumptions and ignored the fact that the weapons they used in the war were incompatible with the mountainous French region.[2]

Another reason that made the stalemate situation hard to break was the poor communication between the war leaders. France had expected aid from Britain in case of an attack from Germany, but since there was no clear coordination, the French did not receive any support.[3] Political leaders also made the stalemate almost impossible to break. They considered only the political implications the war could have on their nations instead of dealing with reality. For instance, the French prime ministers did not allow their troops to be deployed on the Franco-Belgian border because they did not want to “offend” the Belgians. Still, the Germans attacked them through Belgium.

[1]. P, Bosco., A,  Bosco  and  J, Bowman., World War I. Rev. ed. (New York: Chelsea House, 2010), pp.101-106

[2]. C, David., The Essentials of European History. 1914-1935. World War 1 and, Europe in crisis (Piscataway:    Research and Education. Association press, 1997), pp.3-5

[3]. A, Simon, and  A, Crawford.,  World War I. (New York: Dorling Kindersley, 2001),pp. 24-26.

 

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