As the quality of education advances, so does the purpose of the student and the teacher. In 2007, Professor Richard Elmore of Harvard University wrote that teaching as a profession is experiencing dramatic changes, where there has been the introduction of collaborative practices of learning to help cope with the challenging problems that students face while learning (E-Learner Network, 2011). However, this is as opposed to the isolated work in self-contained learning. The changes in technology have increased the learners’ engagement, motivation, achievement, and advanced ways of collaborative working.
The 21st century technology has changed education where it can be matched by new ideas that reflect the best approaches of teaching (Bolstad et al., 2012). It is important to focus more on the learner because one needs to understand how each learner learns and the competencies they are supposed to develop as opposed to just the content taught. According to ACARA, in focusing on the learner, they are able to develop a set of general abilities or skills, behaviors, and dispositions that will equip to operate with confidence in a complex globalized world (2014).