Mental Health Nursing Case Study
- The Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorder is the standard classification of mental disorders used by mental health practitioners. Panic disorders present with among other things the following symptoms as exhibited by Carol in the Case study: According to the DSM-V manual for diagnosis of anxiety disorder, Carol presents the first symptom of having an excessive phobia towards Trains and travelling using them. This is an excessive fear or phobia that prevents her from going to work. Also, She presents and experiences panic attacks. She experienced a panic attack while she was at the local supermarket, resulting in her fainting. Another DSM-V criteria exhibited by Carol is she has separation anxiety disorder. This is indicated from the fact that she has gone through separation from her mother to boyfriend earlier on in her life.
- Anxiety disorders in Australia have a prevalence rate of 14.4%. This is particularly high among females with a 17.9% rate, among males; it is 10.8% (Slade, et al., 2009).
The causes of anxiety have been identified as: Stressful events such as a family break-up, a relationship break-up, abuse, ongoing bullying at school, death, family conflict which leads to increased anxiety; Another theory is that it’s caused by an imbalance of chemicals in the brain that control feelings and physical reactions. This alters the emotions, thoughts or behaviour and result in anxiety.
Hospitalisation rates vary with age and sex in Australia. Specialist psychiatric. Figures compiled by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare in the National Hospital Morbidity Database from 1998/99-2004/5 shows that the rate is 2.61 per 1000 for men and 4.77.