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Identification and Description of a Population that Experiences a Health Disparity

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Identify and describe a population in the USA that experiences a health disparity. Identify and describe the disease and how it impacts on the African-American children.

 

 

The investigator will concentrate on the pervasiveness of obesity among the populace of children and youth of low-income African Americans in the United States. Childhood obesity is a prevailing chronic event impacting numerous adolescents and children in the United States and is rapidly escalating among African American residing in low-income neighborhoods. Per the data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2011 and 2014, the rates among children between two years and five years old are decreasing, the rates are stable between six years and eleven years old children, and are increasing among the children between 12 years and 19 years old (Segal et al., 2016). The obesity rates of children (between ages 2 and 19) since 1980 have tripled, while the rates of obese children between ages six and eleven years have doubled to 17.5 percent from 7 percent, and teenage obesity rates between ages 12 and 19 years have quadrupled to 20.5 percent from 5 percent (Segal et al., 2016). There is also a considerable ethnic and racial inequity. The childhood obesity rates are higher among Latinos and Blacks with 21.9 percent and 19.5 percent respectively compared to White and Asian childhood obesity rates with 14.7 percent and 8.6 percent respectively (Segal et al., 2016). The rates are higher during the early ages and escalate quickly.

Black males entail 18.4 percent while Black females comprise 20.7 percent (Segal et al., 2016). This data only includes children and youth between the ages of 2 years and 19 years. Blacks are two times likely to be obese (10.4 percent) compared to Whites (5.2 percent) and Asians (5.0 percent) (Segal et al., 2016). Unfortunately, the prevalence of obesity continues to increase due to the available minimal resources among the low-income African Americans to manage it. The socioeconomic status is recognized as a contributing factor of obesity in childhood.

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