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Cultural Safety, Self-Determination, and Collaboration Are Central to Ensuring the Health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples

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Assessment task 2: Reflective essay Task Description In this task you will reflect upon and discuss one the key messages of the unit: Cultural safety, self-determination and collaboration are central to ensuring the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. The National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation (NACCHO) defines health as not just the physical well-being of an individual but the social, emotional and cultural well-being of the whole Community in which each individual is able to achieve their full potential as a human being thereby bringing about the total well-being of their Community. This broader definition of health should inform your essay. There are three required components to the task. You should utilise the concepts of cultural safety, self-determination and collaboration to inform your discussion of the following: 1. How colonisation has and continues to impact on the health and wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. 2. How your own social and cultural locations, including your beliefs, values and attitudes, may influence your future health care practice with Aboriginal patients, their families, and Aboriginal health workers. 3. How as a future health service provider, you will develop advocacy strategies for health service delivery that will contribute to ‘closing the gap’ for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. Reflective writing should demonstrate critical reading and thinking skills. The use of ‘I’ is expected in this assessment task (‘I think, I do not agree, I agree’, etc). You are expected to undertake research beyond the unit materials and use a range of books and journal articles. A recommended list that provides a useful starting point can be found at the end of this unit outline. You are required to support your reflective essay with a minimum of 6 scholarly references. Assessment Criteria Standard descriptors for these criteria are included in the assessment rubric, located in Assessment Resources Folder in MyLO (see Assessment 2: Reflective essay) Measures Intended Learning Outcome: Criterion 1 Clearly addresses each component of the task (35%) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 Criterion 2 Demonstrates skills in critical thinking and reflection (35%) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 Criterion 3 Evidence of in-depth engagement with appropriate academic literature and other resources, using a minimum of 6 scholarly references (15%) General Academic Criteria – Not specifically linked to any ILO Page 6 CNA156 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health and Wellbeing Criterion 4 Adheres to presentation conventions: legibility, spelling, punctuation, grammar and referencing (15%). General Academic Criteria – Not specifically linked to any ILO Task length 1,200 words Due by date Tuesday 16th October, by 3pm (submitted to MyLO Assignments Folder) RESOURCES Recommended readings These materials will be useful to your developing knowledge and understanding of the content in this unit, but you are not required to purchase them. When seeking sources of evidence to support your assignment work, you will find these a useful starting point. These materials are available for a limited loan period from the University Library collection. Best, O & Fredricks, B (eds) 2018, Yatdjuligin: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Nursing and Midwifery Care, 2nd edition. Cambridge University Press, Port Melbourne Taylor, K & Guerin, P 2014, Health Care and Indigenous Australians: Cultural safety in practice, 2nd edn. Palgrave Macmillan, South Yarra. Thackrah, R & Scott, K 2011, Indigenous Australian Health and Cultures: An introduction for health professionals, Pearson Anderson, Frenchs Forest. Wepa, D (Ed). 2015. Cultural Safety in Aotearoa New Zealand, 2nd edition. Port Melbourne: Cambridge University Press. Smith, J 2016. Australia’s rural, remote and Indigenous health (3rd edition). Elsevier, NSW. Key Journals Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal Australian Aboriginal Studies Journal Journal of Australian Indigenous Issues International Journal of Critical Indigenous Studies Ethnicity and Health Contemporary Nurse Nursing Inquiry Journal of Advanced Nursing Nursing Forum Nursing Ethics Page 7 CNA156 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health and Wellbeing Key reports Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIH), 2015, The health and welfare of Australia’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People: 2015, viewed 1 August 2018 http://www.aihw.gov.au/publication-detail/?id=60129550168 Australian Department of Health, 2013, National strategic framework for Aboriginal and Torre Strait Islander health plan 2013-2023, viewed 1 August 2018 http://www.health.gov.au/natsihp Australian Human Rights Commission, 2018, Close the Gap – 10 Year Review, viewed 1 August 2018. https://www.humanrights.gov.au/our-work/aboriginal-and-torres-straitislander-social-justice/publications/close-gap-10-year-review Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission (HREOC), 1998, Bringing them home: report of the national inquiry into the separation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children from their families, viewed on 1 August 2018, https://www.humanrights.gov.au/sites/default/files/content/pdf/social_justice/bringi ng_them_home_report.pdf Australian Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, 2017, National Strategic Framework for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples’ Mental Health and Social and Emotional Wellbeing 2017-2023, viewed 1 August 2018. https://pmc.gov.au/resource-centre/indigenous-affairs/national-strategic-frameworkmental-health-social-emotional-wellbeing-2017-23 Websites Links to websites of particular interest for topics in this unit (where relevant) will be provided in MyLO throughout the semester. Reading Lists Reading Lists provide direct access to many unit readings in one place. This includes eReadings and items in Reserve. You can access the Reading List for this unit from the link in MyLO, or by going to the Reading Lists page on the University Library website. Equipment, materials, software, accounts There are no specific requirements for this unit (any required equipment and/or materials will be provided), however it is recommended that students bring an Internet connected device such as a tablet, laptop or notebook to workshops.

Introduction

Torres Strait Islanders are natives who are from Torres Island in Queensland Australia. They are different from Aboriginal (inborn of Tasmania Island of Australia). These two communities have a divergence in culture, past history, and identification.

The distinction between the health of natives and foreign populations continues to be prevalent across Australia. Natives have a mortality rate (10.6 years less for males and 9.5 years less for females) and unhealthy outcomes than the non-natives. According to Vos et al., 70% of the health difference between the two Australian groups is established by noncontagious chronic diseases, with heart disease leading (23%), diabetes (12%), mental disorders (10%), and incessant breathing disease (9%). Natives frequently engage in unhealthy behaviours, such as alcohol and drug abuse, which made them vulnerable to communicable diseases.

Cultural Safety: Entails all educational outcomes, which define, better and empower the cultural identity, activities, and wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander individuals. It improves the delivery of health services by empowering the service user to take full advantage of the health care services provided. “According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), 1948, health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being.” Healthy living is the steps, actions, and strategies we use to achieve health and well-being.

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