In a hospital, life of a patient depends on clinical reasoning of the healthcare professional or provider. Clinical reasoning is the process used by nurses to collect clues, process information and come to an understanding of a patient’s problem or situation, then, they plan and implement interventions, evaluate outcomes and learn from the process (Alfaro, 2009). Clinical reasoning skills help nurses to detect impending patient deterioration resulting in rescuing the patient in time (Tanner, 2006). In this essay, Miss Elizabeth Grange aged 24 years is a patient who is admitted with a three day history of increased breathing and high temperature. Miss Elizabeth was coughing up green sputum when she visited the health centre and, an X-ray was ordered. The nurses in charge of Miss Elizabeth should use their clinical reasoning skills while treating her. This is to ensure that they detect any impending deterioration in order to rescue her.
Clinical reasoning greatly depends on the critical thinking of the nurse or clinician involved (Cooper, and Buist, 2008). In the case of Miss Elizabeth, the nurse should use clinical reasoning cycle to evaluate her situation. In preparation for clinical reasoning, nursing students need to be given opportunities that reflect on their assumptions and prepossesses (Banning, 2008). The failure to do so may negatively impact their critical reasoning ability and consequently patients’ outcomes.