The Cold War was an ideological, geopolitical, and an economic struggle between two world superpowers – the USA and the USSR, that started in 1947 at the end of the Second World War. The Cold War was marked by a continuous rivalry between the former World War II allies. The cold war played through open conflict spanned in the jungles of Vietnam, to espionage in the great cities of the world. The Cold War was a confrontation on a scale that was never seen before because of the fields it traversed – sports, in arts, the political system, the social systems, the cultural dynamics and the economic systems waged by communism and capitalists.
The Cold War did not involve the two parties engaging in any military combat, but there were proxy wars that were fought in Latin America, Asia, and Africa. The only continent that enjoyed relative peace was Europe, even though; it was caught between the two powers. The Cold War Started because of the Soviet Union’s expansion and the American fear of this expansion. There has never been an agreement on when the ‘war’ started, but the following essay is an attempt at looking at when it started and the reasons behind the selection of the date.
The start of the Cold War
The seeds of tension between the Soviet Union and the United States of America were sown during the October Revolution in Russia when the Bolshevik’s took power. In utterances, Vladimir Lenin stated that the new Soviet Union was surrounded by ‘hostile capitalist encirclement’ and he saw that diplomacy was a means to keep those hostile capitalist divided beginning with programs that called for Russia like revolutions abroad. The Soviet Union continued with the same distrust towards the West with Stalin viewing USSR as a socialist island and stating that the capitalist encirclement should be replaced by a socialist encirclement. Further acts of covert operations between the countries fuelled the distrust and suspicion apart from the philosophical challenge communism held towards capitalism. For example, the Soviet funding of the 1926 United Kingdom general strike and the western support for the anti-Bolshevik white movement during the Russian Civil War.
 V. Mastny, The Cold War and Soviet Insecurity: The Stalin Years, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1998, p. 39.