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The Cold War was an ideological, geopolitical, and an economic struggle between two world superpowers

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CHOOSE ONE TOPIC.

1.DID HITLER HAVE A MASTERPLAN FOR ANNIHILATING THE JEWS PRIOR TO 1941?

OR

2.WHY DID SO FEW GERMANS OPPOSE THE NAZI FINAL SOLUTION?

OR

3.WHEN DID THE “COLD WAR”START?WHY CHOOSE THIS DATE/EVENT?

OR

4.WHY WAS GERMANY SUCH AN IMPORTANT ISSUE IN THE COLD WAR?

OR

5.WHAT EFFECT DID STALIN’S DEATH HAVE ON THE COMMUNIST BLOC COUNTRIES OF EASTERN EUROPE?DISCUSS WITH REFERENCE TO THE PERIOD 1953-­‐1956.

OR

6.YOU MAY FORMULATE YOUR OWN TOPIC.

IF YOU CHOOSE THIS OPTION,YOU MUST HAVE YOUR TOPIC APPROVED BY EITHER DIANNE OR YOUR TUTOR.  APPROVAL WILL BE BASED ON YOUR AWARENESS OF PRIMARY SOURCES, SECONDARY SOURCES AND HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR YOUR CHOSEN TOPIC.

Your answers must include both evidence (primary sources) and interpretations (secondary sources). You must include research materials that are NOT in the Reader. DUE DATE:22NDSEPTEMBER WORTH:35%AAH20122016RESEARCH ESSAY QUESTIONS

ESSENTIAL GUIDELINES: Write a2000word essay answering the question. In this essay you are expected to demonstrate your skills at RESEARCH and ANALYSIS. While you may use your Unit Reader, you also must use primary and secondary sources that you have found yourself in libraries or through good online sources. Your essay is expected to have an argument and answer the question. It should not be just description of events. Do use the internet sources provided in the unit guide and on Collaborate along with books/ebooks and journal articles from VU library or other university libraries. Do not use unscholarly internet sites such as Wikipedia, historylearningsite.uk, bbc.co.uk/learning, johnclare.netor others aimed at high school students. Also be aware that there are a vast number of websites on thesetopics, be selective and critical in your choice of sources.You will not find sufficient resources by solely using the results of Google searches. Essay submission. Please submit your essays on or before the due date. You will need to submit two copies –one hard copy and one online copy. Please also keep a copy for your own records as occasionally essays are misplaced. The hard copy should be submitted to your tutor’s pigeon hole or directly to him in class. He will advise you about preferred submission before the due date. •Paginate and staple your essay•Use 1.5 spacing•Use a readable font eg. 12 point Times New Roman or ArialTURNITIN –there is a folder on our Collaborate site under Assessment. In this folder you will find the link to submit your essay through Turnitin. ALL essays must be submitted through Turnitin. If you have any difficulties with the online submission please contact your tutor or Dianne Hall. Academic LiteracyIt is vital that you also demonstrate your mastery of Academic Literacy. This means that you know how to cite/reference your sources (both primary and secondary), quote and paraphrase correctly. We assume that you have read the following resources: http://libraryguides.vu.edu.au/referencingplagiarismWe will be discussing academic literacy in class. Referencing In this course we reference using footnotes and the Oxford system of formatting footnotes and bibliography. There will be opportunity to discuss referencing in class. Please always refer to the referencing guide on the library website and on our Collaborate site. http://libraryguides.vu.edu.au/oxford-referencingThe Penalty for late submission of essay may be up to2% per day. Please contact your tutor or Dianne Hall if you do not think you will be able to submit your essay on time.

The Cold War was an ideological, geopolitical, and an economic struggle between two world superpowers – the USA and the USSR, that started in 1947 at the end of the Second World War. The Cold War was marked by a continuous rivalry between the former World War II allies. The cold war played through open conflict spanned in the jungles of Vietnam, to espionage in the great cities of the world. The Cold War was a confrontation on a scale that was never seen before because of the fields it traversed – sports, in arts, the political system, the social systems, the cultural dynamics and the economic systems waged by communism and capitalists.

The Cold War did not involve the two parties engaging in any military combat, but there were proxy wars that were fought in Latin America, Asia, and Africa. The only continent that enjoyed relative peace was Europe, even though; it was caught between the two powers. The Cold War Started because of the Soviet Union’s expansion and the American fear of this expansion. There has never been an agreement on when the ‘war’ started, but the following essay is an attempt at looking at when it started and the reasons behind the selection of the date.

The start of the Cold War

The seeds of tension between the Soviet Union and the United States of America were sown during the October Revolution in Russia when the Bolshevik’s took power. In utterances, Vladimir Lenin stated that the new Soviet Union was surrounded by ‘hostile capitalist encirclement’ and he saw that diplomacy was a means to keep those hostile capitalist divided beginning with programs that called for Russia like revolutions abroad.[1] The Soviet Union continued with the same distrust towards the West with Stalin viewing USSR as a socialist island and stating that the capitalist encirclement should be replaced by a socialist encirclement. Further acts of covert operations between the countries fuelled the distrust and suspicion apart from the philosophical challenge communism held towards capitalism. For example, the Soviet funding of the 1926 United Kingdom general strike and the western support for the anti-Bolshevik white movement during the Russian Civil War.

[1] V. Mastny, The Cold War and Soviet Insecurity: The Stalin Years, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1998, p. 39.

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